Build Shelving Unit

Build Shelving Unit

C.  Hardest Installation:  Between 2″ x 4″ Studs Shelving

Organize It! – Phase 4 of 8 – Part 4 of 4

 

You can view all of my Posts by clicking on the following LinkHelpMeFixHome.com

 

 

In-between open 2" x 4" Studs Shelving

In-between open 2″ x 4″ Studs Shelving

 

This post will instruct you on how to Build Shelving Unit in-between open 2” x 4” Studs, where no Wallboard has been used. This will require you to make your own Shelf Supports, screw or nail them in to your 2” x 4”s, and cut your Shelving to fit width-wise and possibly depth-wise, and fit them into the area between the Studs.

 

Materials & Supplies Needed:

  • 1” x 4” x 8’ Unfinished Pine Boards or 3/8” CDX Plywood for shelving (amount dependent on your needs)
  • 1 1/2” Flathead Phillips Wallboard Screws or 1 1/2” Finishing Nails (amount to be determined by the number of shelving supports needed)

 

In order to purchase any Materials & Supplies Needed, see the appropriate page in any of the drop-down pages under:  Home Products – Supplies  in my Top Menu.

Scroll down the list to find the correct item. You will find an explanation of that item, as well as, links under each item, which direct you to my Recommended Suppliers for you to check out their offerings.

 

Tools & Supplies Needed:

  • Safety Glasses
  • Mechanics Work Gloves
  • Design Plans for both your Primary Base and your Secondary Base
  • Wooden or Metal Yardstick
  • Roll of Painter’s Tape
  • Claw Hammer
  • (1) 1” long or longer Finishing Nail
  • Flathead Punch (with a head equal to, or slightly smaller than the size of your finishing nail head, if used)
  • Cordless Drill with Quick Change Phillips Drill Bit
  • Magnetic Quick Change Extension for the Cordless Drill
  • Quick Change Drill Bit (with a diameter equal to or slightly smaller than the shaft of the screws or nails being used)
  • Drill Press (optional – with a drill bit having a diameter that is equal to or slightly smaller than the shaft of the screws or nails being used)
  • 6” Torpedo Level
  • 4’ T-Square (needed only if you are using plywood for your shelves)
  • 12” T-Square
  • (2) 12” Adjustable Wood Clamps
  • Saw Horses or Cutting Table
  • Whisk Broom
  • Broom and Dust Pan or Shop Vac

 

In order to purchase any Tools & Supplies Needed, see the appropriate page in any of the drop-down pages under:  Home – Garden:  Tools and Equipment List  in my Top Menu.

Scroll down the list to find the correct item. You will find an explanation of that item, as well as, links under each item, which direct you to my Recommended Suppliers for you to check out their offerings.

 

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Step-by-Step Instructions

 

C.  Hardest Installation:  Between 2” x 4” Studs Shelving

 

Step 1 – Assess the Project

 

Consult your Designs and Assess your needs for this type of Shelving in both of your Bases.

 

Please, review the information included here in the first 5 Steps, and then review my page:  5 Steps for Project Management.  When you have completed those first 5 Steps, you can return here to continue on to Step 6.

 

Step 2 – Create a Materials & Supplies Needed Sheet

 

Decide on the type of Shelving that you intend to use and the method of fastening for each of your Bases. First, write this information on scratch paper, under separate headings, for each of your Bases. Then, measure and calculate the amount of Materials & Supplies Needed for each of your Bases, also entering the information on your scratch paper. Once all of the information for both of your Bases has been completed, combine any like information and Total it. Then, create your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet according to your choices and needs, and transfer your information to that sheet.

 

Calculating Amount of Shelving Needed

For each of your Bases, calculate the amount of Shelving needed, the type of Shelving to be used, and the size of Shelving Material that you intend to use. Your choice will be based on amount of items that you intend to store, along with their sizes, as well as the Material cost.

Write these on your scratch paper, for each of your Bases. Then, add the amounts of any like types of Shelving and place this amount in the TOTALS column in your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet, across from the item listed. If you are going to use different types of Shelving, then list any additional items separately on your sheet.

 

  • Consult your Primary and Secondary Base Designs to see where this type of Shelving will be installed. If you have not been thorough when creating your Design Plans, or have possibly changed your mind, you will need to complete this process now.

 

  • You will initially be listing the information for the Materials needed for this Project on scratch paper, under separate headings for each of your Bases.

 

  • Beginning in your Primary Base, assess the number of spaces (between 2” x 4”s) that will used for this Project, and decide on the number of Shelves being installed in each space. You need to do this before you can calculate the amount of Shelving needed. The number of spaces will be determined by what is available to you, and the number of Shelves in each space will be determined by the sizes of the items that you will be storing. The spacing between Shelves (up and down) should be between 6” – 14”, depending on the height of the items that you need to store.

 

  • Assess and measure the items or groups of items that you intend to store on these Shelves. Take a piece of scratch paper and draw a grid of your Studs and Shelves, with the decided upon dimensions listed for each up and down Shelf spacing. The spacing of your Shelves can vary from space to space. They do not need to be the same for all spaces, but the choice is up to you.

 

  • Once you have decided on the spacing for your Shelving, take small pieces of Painter’s Tape and your Tape Measure, and place Tape pieces on the inside edge of both Studs bordering each space, indicating where the tops of the Shelf Supports will be located in each space. You will need to add the thickness of your Shelf to the up and down spacing for each Shelf, in order to determine where the top of your Supports will be located. Do this for all of the spaces that will be used.

 

  • Then, take your 4’ Level and span across each space between each pair of Painter’s Tape pieces, and mark each Shelf’s location where level. Either adjust your Tape to indicate level for each Shelf, or pencil mark the Stud edges and remove the Tape pieces.

 

  • Check to make sure that your 2” x 4” Studs are at least 3 1/2” wide (wider is ok). They will need to be at least 3 1/2” wide if you will be using 1” x 4” x 8’ boards for your Shelving (1” x 4”s are actually 3/4” x 3 1/2”). If they are not as wide as you need, you will need to use 3/8” Plywood for your Shelving, cut in strips equal to the width of your 2” x 4” (You can also choose to use Plywood even if they are wide enough.).

 

  • Cost may also be a factor your choice of Shelving. You will only get (6) Shelves from each 1” x 4” x 8’ board, which may get a bit expensive if you are installing a large number of Shelves. You will get (39) Shelves from a 4’ x 4’ sheet of 3/8” Plywood or (78) Shelves from a 4’ x 8’ sheet, which may be quite a bit cheaper.

 

  • Now, decide on the type of Shelving Material you will use in your Primary Base, based on the two choices at the beginning of these instructions. Write your choice down on your scratch paper under that heading.

 

  • If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’ boards for your Shelving, take the number of Shelves needed and divide by 6 to come up with number of 1” x 4” x 8’ boards that will be needed.

 

  • If you are using 3/8” Plywood for your Shelving, take the number of Shelves needed and divide by 39, if you will using a 4’ x 4’ sheet of 3/8” Plywood, or divide by 78, if you are using a 4’ x 8’ sheet. Mark the number of sheets needed and the size of the sheet that you intend to use on your scratch paper just before the type of Material that you have listed.

 

  • Repeat this process for any needed Shelving in your Secondary Base.

 

  • Then, list the various Shelving Materials that you intend to use on your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

 

  • On your scratch paper, add the amounts of any like types of Shelving from both of your Bases, and place this Total amount in the TOTALS column in your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet, across from the appropriate item. If you are going to use different types of Shelving, then list the item separately on your sheet, along with the amount of Material needed for each.

 

Tip:  If you are going to use Plywood for any of your Shelving, make sure that you write the letters:  ‘CDX’ before ‘Plywood’, to indicate the grade of Plywood that you will be purchasing.

 

 

Calculating Amount of Shelf Supports Needed

Calculate the amount of Shelf Supports needed, and add the Material needed to your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

 

  • You will be making your Shelf Supports by cutting 3/4” strips of 1” x 4”. You can get approximately 100 Shelf Supports from (1) 1” x 4” x 8’ board (enough Supports for 50 Shelves). So, take the number of Shelves you will be installing, multiply that number by 2, and then divide by 100.

 

  • This will indicate the number of 1” x 4” x 8’ boards needed for your Shelf Supports. If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’s for your Shelving, you can just add the number of boards needed for your Shelf Supports to the number needed for your Shelving.

 

  • If you are using Plywood for your Shelving, then obviously the 1” x 4” x 8’s needed for your Supports will be a separate entry on your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet. Calculate your needs for both of your Bases, and add the amounts and mark it in your TOTALS column for the Supports.

 

Calculate the Amount of Screws or Finishing Nails Needed

Decide on the type of Fasteners to use for your Shelf Supports, and calculate the amount of Fasteners needed for both of your Bases. Add these to your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

 

  • You will either be using 1 1/2” Flathead Phillips Wallboard Screws or 1 1/2” Finishing Nails to attach your Shelf Supports to your 2” x 4” Studs; your choice. You will need (2) Fasteners for each Support, times (2) Supports per Shelf, = (4) Fasteners per Shelf.

 

  • Therefore, you need to take the Total number of Shelves being installed in both of your Bases, and multiply that number by 4 to get the number of Fasteners that you will need. Both the Screws and the Nails come in 1# boxes.

 

  • There are about 200 Screws in a 1# box, and 500 Nails per 1# box. Divide the number of Fasteners needed by the amount in the 1# box of the type of Fastener you are using, in order to determine the number of boxes that you will need.

 

  • Write this amount in the appropriate column(s) on your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

 

Step 3 – Calculate Project Cost

 

(Follow the Instructions on the:  5 Steps for Project Management  page.)

 

Step 4 – Order Your Materials & Tools Needed

 

(Follow the Instructions on the:  5 Steps for Project Management  page.)

 

Step 5 – Inspect Your Delivery

 

After reviewing the information here, additional information to complete these first (5) Steps is found in the page:  5 Steps for Project Management,  Simply click on that link and you will be directed there.

After completing those first (5) Steps, return to these Instructions and continue on to Step 6.

 

Step 6 – Cut Your Shelf Supports

 

Cut your Shelf Supports for all of your Shelving for both of your Bases.

 

  • Begin by putting on your Safety Glasses.

 

  • Take a 1” x 4” (use one that does not have much cupping), and using your 12” T-square, check the end you are going to start your measurement and cutting from, for squareness. If it is not, use your pencil and T-square, and mark a cut line across the width to show square. Turn on your Saw and cut on the mark (it is best to use your Compound Miter Saw with a Plywood or Crosscut Saw blade for all of these cuts). Do the same for one end of your scrap piece of 2” x 4”, and pencil mark an ‘X’ on the face, near that end, to indicate that it is the square end.

 

  • Then, on your 1” x 4”, measure 3/4” from the square end and make 2 marks. Using your T-square, mark the line across the width of your board, and cut on the mark. Now, turn OFF your Compound Miter Saw, drop the blade down to the table, lock it in place, and Unplug It.

 

  • You will be using this first 3/4” piece as a Spacer Jig. This will provide you an easy way to cut your remaining Shelf Supports without having to measure and mark each one.

 

  • Now, set the 3/4” Spacer Jig flush against the right side of your Compound Miter Saw blade (you may need to adjust your blade guard to allow the Spacer Jig to fit against the blade). Placing your 2” x 4” flat on your Saw Table, and tight against the Saw Table Back Support, set the square end of the scrap piece of 2” x 4”, flush against your 3/4” Spacer Jig, and tight against the saw table back support. Take your (2) 12” Adjustable Wood Clamps and secure your 2” x 4” to the Saw Table, (not your Spacer Jig), making sure that your Clamps will not be in the way of your Saw arm when making cuts. Once your 2” x 4” is secure, remove your  3/4” Spacer Jig. You should now be all set up to easily cut all of your remaining Shelf Supports.

 

  • Plug your saw in, turn it on, and take your 1” x 4” and set it on the Saw Table with the end of the board, flush against your 2” x 4”, being careful not to move it out of place. Make your cut. Continue with this process until all of the Shelf Supports have been cut.

 

Step 7 – Pre-Drill Holes in Your Shelf Supports and Install Your Fasteners

 

Pre-Drill Holes in All of Your Shelf Supports and Install Your Fasteners.

 

  • Pencil mark each your Shelf Supports with a mark, 3/4” in from each end, and centered width-wise in your Support.

 

Tip:  You can use a Shelf Support to measure the 3/4” distance from the edge to where you place your mark.

 

  • Using your Drill Press or Cordless Drill, with a slightly smaller diameter Drill Bit than the shank of the Screws or Nails being used, pre-drill all of your Shelf Supports on your marks. (If you are not using a Drill Press (recommended), make sure to put a scrap piece of 2” x 4” between your Shelf Supports and Work Table when drilling. Then, install your Fasteners into your pre-drilled holes, being careful not to allow them to poke through the other side of your Support. Do this for all of your Shelf Supports.

 

Step 8 – Install Your Shelf Supports

 

Install your Shelf Supports in both of your Bases.

 

Beginning in your Primary Base, and working from left to right, and top to bottom, complete the following for each Shelf Support:

  • Attach your Torpedo Level to your 2” x 4” using a 12” Adjustable Wood Clamp, aligning the bottom edge of the Level with your mark on the 2” x 4” indicating the top of your Shelf Support. Make sure that the bubble in the Level is in the center, indicating perfectly level. Make sure that your Clamp is tight, and is securely holding the Torpedo Level firmly to the 2” x 4”.

 

  • Then, take a Shelf Support, and gently place it against the bottom of your Torpedo Level, making sure that the Level does not move, or tilt. (If the Support is cupped, make sure that the cupped end is facing up.)

 

  • Make sure that your Shelf Support is against the back wall and that the front edge does not protrude beyond the 2” x 4”. Then hammer or screw in your (2) Fasteners for that Shelf Support, making sure that your Fastener is flush with the surface of the Support, or slightly countersunk. (Use your Flathead Punch and Hammer to recess your Nail heads if using Nails.)

 

  • Do this for all of the Shelf Supports in your Primary Base. Then repeat the process for your Secondary Base if applicable.

 

Step 9 – Measure for Your Shelves

 

Measure for your Shelving in both of your Bases.

 

  • Take a piece of scratch paper, attach it to your Clipboard, and grab your pencil and Tape Measure. Head your paper with the name of your Base. Count the number of spaces that you will be installing your Shelves in, for each of your Bases, separately, and write each of these numbers down, individually, in a column, and in order on your paper, followed by a dash after each number (1 -, 2 -, 3 – etc.). You can head your column:  Spaces. Do this on separate pieces of paper for each Base if you are using this installation process in both of your Bases, marking them Primary and Secondary, accordingly.

 

  • You will working from left to right on measuring your spaces, and from the bottom to the top of each space. Now beginning from the bottom of the first space, measure the width needed for your first Shelf, and write that number down after the dash following the number ‘1’ on your sheet. Move up your space, measuring where each Shelf will go, and write each Shelf measurement down in order (from bottom to top), separating each measurement with a dash or a comma. When you have finished marking down all of the measurements needed in your first space, remeasure for each Shelf, to double-check all of your measurements.

 

  • Once you have finished measuring for all of your Shelves needed in your first space, go on to the adjoining space to the right, and working from bottom to top again, measure and write down your measurements after the dash following the number ‘2’ on your paper. Continue doing this in succession for your remaining spaces, recording the Shelf widths for each, in the same order.

 

  • If you are installing this type of Shelving in both of your Bases, be sure to use different pieces of paper, marked on top for which Base the measurements belong to. When you are finished measuring for the Shelving needed for your Primary Base, repeat the process for your Secondary Base.

 

Step 10 – Cut Your Shelves to Size and Install

 

Cut your Shelves to size and Install them in both of your Bases. Based on the type of Material you have chosen to use, use the applicable Instructions as follows:

 

Using 1” x 4” x 8’s for your Shelving

  • If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’s for your Shelving, you should first inspect the boards for ‘cupping’. Usually, once face will be ‘cupped’ and the other face will be convexed. You can easily check this by setting your 12” T-square or your 6” Torpedo Level across the width of the board. If you can see light between your T-square (or your Level) and the surface of the board at the center, than that face is cupped. If your Tool rocks on the surface of the board, from end to end, then it is convexed . Take a piece of Painter’s Tape and place it on the cupped face of each of your boards. You will always want to use the ‘cupped’ face of your board as your top surface.

 

  • Now it is time to measure and mark your boards, and cut your Shelving. It is best to use your Yardstick rather than your Tape Measure for this Step.

 

  • Starting with the Shelving needed for your first space only, measure your boards, in the order that they are listed on your sheet. Mark each of your measurements on both sides of your Yardstick. Place the piece of Painter’s Tape used to mark the cupped face of your board, inside the area of your first measurement. Take (2) pieces of Painter’s Tape, and placing the pieces in an ‘L’ shape, place them on the last board measured for your first space. Once all of your measurements for your first space have been marked, take your 12” T-square, and mark a line all the way across the width of your board at each of your marked measurements.

 

  • Using your Power Saw (Compound Miter Saw with a Plywood or Crosscut Saw blade will work best for this), cut your Shelving, beginning with your first measurement (your bottom Shelf). Make your cuts exactly on each of the marks, erasing them during your cutting (do not cut to the left or right side of your marks, but right down the middle). After you cut each Shelf, brush them off with your Whisk Broom, and stack them on top of one another. When you are finished, your Shelves for the first space will be in order of installation, from top to bottom. Now carry them to your installation site and install those Shelves. It is not necessary to nail or screw them in place. This will give you the flexibility to remove one, should something that you intend to store there is a little too tall.

 

  • Repeat this process for each of your spaces, in each of your Bases as needed, until all of your Shelving has been cut and installed.

 

Using 3/8” Plywood for Your Shelving

  • If you are using 3/8” Plywood for your Shelving, you will first need to mark and cut your Plywood into 3 1/2” strips (or the width of your 2” x 4” Studs, if less than 3 1/2”). Measure and pencil mark your Plywood on both of the long sides (if using a 4’ x 8’ sheet). This will give you more manageable strips in which to cut your Shelving from, with minimal waste. Then, using your 4’ T-Square, pencil mark a line across the width of your Plywood, connecting your marks for each strip measurement.

 

  • Using your Skill Saw with a Crosscut or Plywood blade, cut your Plywood into strips (you will need an Assistant to hold your Plywood in place while cutting). Make sure that you cut exactly on your marked lines.

 

  • Once your Plywood is cut into strips, measure and mark your boards for your Shelving, using your Yardstick rather than your Tape Measure. Starting with the Shelving needed for your first space only, measure your boards, in the order that they are listed on your sheet. Mark each of your measurements (on both sides of your Yardstick). Place a piece of Painter’s Tape inside the area of your first measurement. If you will be needing more than (6) Shelves for your first space, mark your second strip with 2 pieces of Painter’s Tape in the area for the first Shelf being marked on that strip, and your next strip with 3 pieces, etc.

 

  • Take (2) pieces of Painter’s Tape, and placing the pieces in an ‘L’ shape, place them on the last board measured for your first space. Once all of your measurements for your first space have been marked, take your 12” T-Square, and mark a line all the way across the width of your boards at each of your marked measurements.

 

  • Using your Power Saw (Compound Miter Saw with a Plywood or Crosscut Saw blade will work best for this), cut your Shelving, beginning with your first measurement (your bottom Shelf). Make your cuts exactly on each of the marks, erasing them during your cutting (do not cut to the left or right side of your marks, but right down the middle).

 

  • After you cut each Shelf, brush them off with your Whisk Broom, and stack them on top of one another. When you are finished, your Shelves for the first space will be in order of installation, from top to bottom. Now carry them to your installation site and install your Shelving. Again, it is not necessary to nail or screw them in place, in order to give you the flexibility to remove one, should something that you intend to store there is a little too tall.

 

  • Repeat this process for each of your spaces in each of your Bases as needed, until all of your Shelving has been cut and installed.

 

Step 11 – Fill Your Shelves

 

Fill Your Shelves with the appropriate items in both of your Bases.

 

Now you can fill all of your Shelves with the appropriate items. Keep like items together, and most often used items at eye level.

 

When Completed, Stand Back and Admire Your Handiwork!

 

Congratulations on Completing Your Project!

Now clean up any messes and put all Tools away.

 

Stay Organized!

 

Please take the time to leave a Comment or ask a Question in the Comments section below. Let me know how your Project went.

 

Thanks,

CJ Dodaro

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