Organize – Phase 4 – Part 4: C. Between 2″ x 4″ Studs Shelving

 

C.  Hardest Installation:  Between 2″ x 4″ Studs Shelving

 

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This type of shelving will be Shelves Installed In-Between Open 2” x 4” Studs, where NO wallboard has been used. This will require you to make shelf supports, screw or nail them in to your 2” x 4”s, and cut your shelving to fit width-wise and possibly depth-wise into the area between the studs.

Materials & Supplies Needed:

  • 1” x 4” x 8’ Unfinished Pine Boards or 3/8” CDX Plywood for shelving (amount dependent on your needs)
  • 1 1/2” Flathead Phillips Wallboard Screws or 1 1/2” Finishing Nails (amount to be determined by the number of shelving supports needed)

Purchase Materials & Supplies Needed at:   AceHardware.com   Amazon.com   eBay.com   HomeDepot.com   SamsClub.com   Walmart.com

 

Tools & Supplies Needed:

  • Safety Glasses
  • Mechanics Work Gloves
  • Design Plans for both your Primary Base and your Secondary Base
  • Scratch Paper
  • Clipboard
  • Sharpened Pencil
  • 25’ Tape Measure
  • Wooden or Metal Yardstick
  • Roll of Painter’s Tape
  • Claw Hammer
  • (1) 1” long or longer Finishing Nail
  • Flathead Punch (with a head equal to, or slightly smaller than the size of your finishing nail head, if used)
  • Cordless Drill with Quick Change Phillips Drill Bit
  • Magnetic Quick Change Extension for the Cordless Drill
  • Quick Change Drill Bit (with a diameter equal to or slightly smaller than the shaft of the Screws or Nails being used)
  • Drill Press (optional) (with a drill bit having a diameter that is equal to or slightly smaller than the shaft of the screws or nails being used)
  • 6” Torpedo Level
  • 4’ T-Square (needed only if you are using plywood for your shelves)
  • 12” T-Square
  • (2) 12” Adjustable Wood Clamps
  • Saw Horses or Cutting Table
  • Whisk Broom
  • Broom and Dust Pan or Shop Vac

Purchase Tools & Supplies Needed at  AceHardware.com   Amazon.com   eBay.com   HomeDepot.com   SamsClub.com   Walmart.com

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Step-by-Step Instructions

C. Hardest Installation: Between 2” x 4” Studs Shelving

 

Step 1 – Create a Materials & Supplies Needed Sheet

The information to complete this Step is found in the page:   Steps Common to All Projects

Simply click on that Link and you will be directed there.

You can also access it in the drop-down Top Menu under:   Home

After completing this Step, simply click on your ‘back arrow’ (top left corner of the page) to return to these instructions.

 

Step 2 – Calculating Amount of Shelving Needed

Calculate the Amount of Shelving Needed and the type of shelving to be used, based on the items that you intend to store, along with their sizes. Add the amount and types to your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

Consult your Primary and Secondary Base designs to see where this type of shelving will be installed. If you have not been thorough when creating your design plans, or have possibly changed your mind, you will need to complete this process now.

You will need to assess the number of spaces (between 2” x 4”s) that will used for this project, along with the number of shelves being installed in each space, before you can calculate the amount of shelving needed. The number of spaces will be determined by what is available to you, as well as the number of items that you will need to store. The spacing between shelves (up and down) should be between 6” – 14”, depending on the height of the items that you need to store.

Assess and measure the items or groups of items that you intend to store on these shelves. Take a piece of scratch paper and draw a grid of your studs and shelves, with the decided upon dimensions listed for each up and down shelf spacing. The spacing of your shelves can vary from space to space. They do not need to be the same for all spaces, but the choice is up to you.

Once you have decided on the spacing for your shelving, take small pieces of painter’s tape and your tape measure, and place tape pieces on the inside edge of both studs bordering each space, indicating where the tops of the shelf supports will be located in each space (You will need to add the thickness of your shelf to the up and down spacing for each shelf, in order to determine where the top of your supports will be located.) Do this for all of the spaces that will be used.

Then, take your 4’ level and span across each space between each pair of painter’s tape pieces, and mark each shelf’s location where level. Either adjust your tape to indicate level for each shelf, or pencil mark the stud edges and remove the tape pieces.

Check to make sure that your 2” x 4” studs are at least 3 1/2” wide (wider is ok). They will need to be at least 3 1/2” wide if you will be using 1” x 4” x 8’ boards for your shelving (1” x 4”s are actually 3/4” x 3 1/2”). If they are not, you will need to use 3/8” plywood, cut in strips equal to your 2” x 4” width (you can also choose to use plywood even if they are wide enough).

Cost may also be a factor your choice of shelving. You will only get 6 shelves from each 1” x 4” x 8’ board, which may get a bit expensive if you are installing a large number of shelves. You will get 39 shelves from a 4’ x 4’ sheet of 3/8” plywood or 78 shelves from a 4’ x 8’ sheet, which may be quite a bit cheaper.

If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’ boards for your shelving, take the number of shelves needed and divide by 6 to come up with number of 1” x 4” x 8’ boards needed, and mark this number in the appropriate column of your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet. Calculate your needs for both of your Bases, marking each in the appropriate column, and add the amounts and mark it in your TOTALS column for the shelving.

If you are using 3/8” plywood for your shelving, take the number of shelves needed and divide by 39 (if you will using a 4’ x 4’ sheet of 3/8” plywood) or divide by 78, if you are using a 4’ x 8’ sheet. Mark the number of sheets needed – size of sheet, in the appropriate column of your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet. Calculate your needs for both of your Bases, marking each in the appropriate column, and add the amounts and mark it in your TOTALS column for the shelving.

(Make sure that preceding the word ‘plywood’, you write the letters: CDXto indicate the grade of plywood that you will be purchasing.)

 

Step 3 – Calculating Amount of Shelf Supports Needed

Calculate the Amount of Shelf Supports Needed, and add the Materials Needed to your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

You will be making your shelf supports by cutting 3/4” strips of 1” x 4”. You can get approximately 100 shelf supports from (1) 1” x 4” x 8’ board (enough supports for 50 shelves). So, take the number of shelves you will be installing, multiply that number by 2, and then divide by 100.

This will indicate the number of 1” x 4” x 8’ boards needed for your shelf supports. If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’s for your shelving, you can just add the number of boards needed for your shelf supports to the number needed for your shelving.

If you are using plywood for your shelving, then obviously the 1” x 4” x 8’s needed for your supports will be a separate entry on your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet. Calculate your needs for both of your Bases, marking each in the appropriate column, and add the amounts and mark it in your TOTALS column for the shelving.

 

Step 4 – Calculate the Amount of Screws or Finishing Nails Needed

Decide on the type of fasteners to use for your shelf supports, and Calculate the Amount of Fasteners Needed for both of your Bases. Add these to your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet.

You will either be using 1 1/2” flathead phillips wallboard screws or 1 1/2” finishing nails to attach your shelf supports to your 2” x 4” studs. You will need (2) fasteners for each support, times (2) supports per shelf, = (4) fasteners per shelf.

Therefore, you need to take the TOTAL number of shelves being installed and multiply that number by (4) to get the number of fasteners that you will need. Both the screws and the nails come in 1# boxes.

There are about 200 screws in a 1# box, and 500 nails per 1# box. Divide the number of fasteners needed by the amount in the 1# box of the type of fastener you are using, in order to determine the number of boxes you will need.

Write this amount in the appropriate column(s) on your Materials & Supplies Needed sheet. Calculate your needs for both of your Bases, marking each in the appropriate column, and add the amounts and mark it in your TOTALS column for the shelving.

 

Step 5 – Calculate Project Cost

Step 6 – Order Your Materials & Tools Needed

Step 7 – Inspect Your Delivery

The information to complete these (3) Steps is found in the page:   Steps Common to All Projects

Simply click on that Link and you will be directed there.

You can also access it in the drop-down Top Menu under:   Home

After completing these (3) Steps, simply click on your ‘back arrow’ (top left corner of the page) to return to these instructions.

 

Step 8 – Cut Your Shelf Supports

Cut your Shelf Supports for both of your Bases.

Take a 1” x 4” (use one that does not have much cupping), and using your 12” T-square, check the end you are going to start your measurement and cutting from, for squareness. If it is not, use your pencil and T-square, and mark a cut line across the width to show square, and cut on the mark (it is best to use your compound miter saw with a plywood or crosscut saw blade for all of these cuts). Do the same for one end of your scrap piece of 2” x 4”, and pencil mark an ‘x’ on the face, near that end, to indicate that it is the square end.

Then, on your 1” x 4”, measure 3/4” from the square end and make 2 marks. Using your T-square, mark the line across the width of your board, and cut on the mark. Now, turn OFF your compound miter saw, drop the blade down to the table, lock it in place, and Unplug It.

You will be using this first 3/4” piece as a spacer jig. This will provide you an easy way to cut your remaining shelf supports without having to measure and mark each one.

Now, set the 3/4” spacer jig flush against the right side of your compound miter saw blade (you may need to adjust your blade guard to allow the spacer jig to fit against the blade). Set the square end of the scrap piece of 2” x 4”, flush against your 3/4” spacer jig, and tight against the saw table back support. Take your (2) 12” adjustable wood clamps and secure your 2” x 4” to the saw table, (NOT your spacer jig), making sure that your clamps will not be in the way of your saw arm when making cuts. Once your 2” x 4” is secure, remove your first 3/4” spacer jig. You should now be all set up to easily cut all of your remaining shelf supports.

Plug your saw in, turn it ON, and take your 1” x 4” and set it on the saw table with the end of the board, flush against your 2” x 4”, being careful not to move it out of place. Make your cut. Continue with this process until all of the shelf supports have been cut.

 

Step 9 – Pre-Drill Holes in Your Shelf Supports and Install Your Fasteners

Pre-Drill Holes in All of Your Shelf Supports and Install Your Fasteners.

Pencil mark each your shelf supports with a mark, 3/4” in from each end, and centered width-wise in your bracket.

Tip: You can use a shelf support to measure the 3/4” distance from the edge to where you place your mark.

Using your drill press or cordless drill, with a slightly smaller diameter drill bit than the screws or nails being used, pre-drill all of your shelf supports. (If you are NOT using a drill press, make sure to put a scrap piece of 2” x 4” between your shelf supports and work table when drilling. Then, install your fasteners into your pre-drilled holes, being careful not to allow them to poke through the other side of your support. Do this for all of your shelf supports.

 

Step 10 – Install Your Shelf Supports

Install your Shelf Supports in both of your Bases.

Beginning in your Primary Base, and working from left to right, and top to bottom, complete the following for each shelf support:  attach your torpedo level to your 2” x 4” using a 12” adjustable wood clamp, aligning the bottom edge of the level with your mark on the 2” x 4” indicating the top of your shelf support. Make sure that the bubble in the level is in the center, indicating perfectly level. Make sure that your clamp is tight, and is securely holding the torpedo level firmly to the 2” x 4”.

Then, take a shelf support, and gently place it against the bottom of your torpedo level, making sure that the level does not move, or tilt. (If the support is cupped, make sure that the cupped end is facing up.)

Make sure that your shelf support is against the back wall and that the front edge does not protrude beyond the 2” x 4”. Then hammer or screw in your (2) fasteners for that shelf support, making sure that your fastener is flush with the surface of the support, or slightly countersunk. (Use your flathead punch and hammer to recess your nail heads if using nails.)

Do this for all of the shelf supports in your Primary Base. Then repeat the process for your Secondary Base if applicable.

 

Step 11 – Measure for Your Shelves

Measure for Your Shelving in both of your Bases.

Take a piece of scratch paper, attach it to your clipboard, and grab your pencil and tape measure. Head your paper with the name of your Base. Count the number of spaces that you will be installing your shelves in, for each of your Bases, separately, and write each of these numbers down, individually, in a column, and in order on your paper, followed by a dash after each number (1 -, 2 -, 3 – etc.). You can head your column:  Spaces. Do this on separate pieces of paper for each Base if you are using this installation process in both of your Bases.

You will working from left to right on measuring your spaces, and from the bottom to the top of each space. Now beginning from the bottom of the first space, measure the width needed for your first shelf, and write that number down after the dash following the number 1 on your sheet. Move up your space, measuring where each shelf will go, and write each shelf measurement down in order (from bottom to top), separating each measurement with a dash or a comma. When you have finished marking down all of the measurements needed in your first space, remeasure for each shelf, to double-check all of your measurements.

Once you have finished measuring for all of your shelves needed in your first space, go on to the adjoining space to the right, and working from bottom to top again, measure and write down your measurements after the dash following the number ‘2’ on your paper. Continue doing this in succession for your remaining spaces, recording the shelf widths for each, in the same order.

If you are installing this type of shelving in both of your Bases, be sure to use different pieces of paper, marked on top for which Base the measurements belong to. When you are finished measuring for the shelving needed for your Primary Base, repeat the process for your Secondary Base.

 

Step 12 – Cut Your Shelves to Size and Install

Cut your Shelves to Size and Install them in both of your Bases.

Based on the type of material you have chosen to use, use the applicable Instructions as follows:

 

Using 1” x 4” x 8’s for Your Shelving

If you are using 1” x 4” x 8’s for Your Shelving, you should first inspect the boards for ‘cupping’. Usually, once face will be ‘cupped’ and the other face will be convexed. You can easily check this by setting your 12” T-square or your 6” torpedo level across the width of the board. If you can see light between your T-square (or your level) and the surface of the board at the center, than that face is cupped. If your tool rocks on the surface of the board, from end to end, then it is convexed . Take a piece of painter’s tape and place it on the cupped face of each of your boards. You will always want to use the ‘cupped’ face of your board as your top surface.

Now it is time to measure and mark your boards, and cut your shelving. It is best to use your yardstick rather than your tape measure for this Step.

Starting with the shelving needed for your first space only, measure your boards, in the order that they are listed on your sheet. Mark each of your measurements on both sides of your Yardstick. Place the piece of Painter’s Tape used to mark the cupped face of your board, inside the area of your first measurement. Take (2) pieces of painter’s tape, and placing the pieces in an ‘L’ shape, place them on the last board measured for your first space. Once all of your measurements for your first space have been marked, take your 12” T-square, and mark a line all the way across the width of your board at each of your marked measurements.

Using your power saw (compound miter saw with a plywood or crosscut saw blade will work best for this), cut your shelving, beginning with your first measurement (your bottom shelf). Make your cuts exactly on each of the marks, erasing them during your cutting (do not cut to the left or right side of your marks, but right down the middle). After you cut each shelf, brush them off with your whisk broom, and stack them on top of one another. When you are finished, your shelves for the first space will be in order of installation, from top to bottom. Now carry them to your installation site and install those shelves.

Repeat this process for each of your spaces, in each of your Bases as needed, until all of your shelving has been cut and installed.

 

Using 3/8” Plywood for Your Shelving

If you are Using 3/8” Plywood for Your Shelving, you will first need to cut your plywood into 3 1/2” strips (or the width of your 2” x 4” studs, if less than 3 1/2”). Measure and pencil mark your plywood at 3 1/2” intervals (or the width of your 2” x 4” studs, if less than 3 1/2”) on both of the long sides of your plywood (if using a 4’ x 8’ sheet). This will give you more manageable strips in which to cut your shelving from, with minimal waste. Then, using your 4’ T-square, pencil mark a line across the width of your plywood, connecting your marks for each strip measurement.

Using your skill saw with a crosscut or plywood blade, cut your plywood into strips (You will need an assistant to hold your plywood in place while cutting.). Make sure that you cut exactly on your marked lines.

Once your plywood is cut into strips, measure and mark your boards for your shelving, using your yardstick rather than your tape measure. Starting with the shelving needed for your first space only, measure your boards, in the order that they are listed on your sheet. Mark each of your measurements (on both sides of your yardstick). Place a piece of painter’s tape inside the area of your first measurement. If you will be needing more than 6 shelves for your first space, mark your second strip with 2 pieces of painter’s tape in the area for the first shelf being marked on that strip, and your next strip with 3 pieces, etc.

Take (2) pieces of painter’s tape, and placing the pieces in an ‘L’ shape, place them on the last board measured for your first space. Once all of your measurements for your first space have been marked, take your 12” T-square, and mark a line all the way across the width of your boards at each of your marked measurements.

Using your power saw (compound miter saw with a plywood or crosscut saw blade will work best for this), cut your shelving, beginning with your first measurement (your bottom shelf). Make your cuts exactly on each of the marks, erasing them during your cutting (do not cut to the left or right side of your marks, but right down the middle).

After you cut each shelf, brush them off with your whisk broom, and stack them on top of one another. When you are finished, your shelves for the first space will be in order of installation, from top to bottom. Now carry them to your installation site and install your shelving.

Repeat this process for each of your spaces in each of your Bases as needed, until all of your shelving has been cut and installed.

 

Step 13 – Fill Your Shelves

Fill Your Shelves with the appropriate items in both of your Bases.

Now you can fill all of your shelves with the appropriate items. Keep like items together, and most often used items at eye level. Place your taller items, like spray paint cans and tubes of caulk on the appropriate shelves.

 

When Completed, Stand Back and Admire Your Handiwork!

Congratulations on Completing Your Project!

 

Now clean up any messes and put all tools away.

 

Stay Organized!

 

Please take the time to leave a Comment, letting me know how your project went.

 

Thanks,

CJ Dodaro

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