How to: Plants – Flowers
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This post: How to: Plants – Flowers explains the important Steps for Planting Flowers and Maintaining them for the best results, none of which should be skipped.
First, you should know the best time to plant your Flowers. Seeds can be planted early in the Spring, once the ground has thawed and has been cultivated. Seeds usually take 30 – 45 days to germinate. Plants generally should be planted after Mother’s Day and before June 15th for most parts of the country. Too soon, and you run the risk of evening Frost. Too late, and you will run the risk of hot weather before the Plants can get fully established.
You must prepare your Flower Beds for planting, by removing all weeds and debris and cultivating the soil 4” – 6” deep. Use a small Rototiller for larger Beds, or a Flat Spade Shovel for smaller areas. Add a Flower Fertilizer, 3 – 6 days before planting and mix it into the top few inches of your Soil.
See my Post: Prepare Flower Bed for Planting
Then, you will need to decide on the what types of Flowers that you intend to plant in each of your planting areas. Will they be Annuals or Perennials? What specific types? How tall will they grow? How wide will they grow? Will you be planting Seeds or Plants?
Next, you should measure the areas where you intend to plant so that you will know how much of each type you will need. Then, you should decide on where you will purchase your Flowers.
It is best to purchase your Flowers from a reputable source. It is usually a bad idea to purchase Flowers from your local grocery store or similar source, as they usually do not water them often enough. What may look ok when you purchase, may not develop very well due to lack of water. It is best to purchase from a reputable Garden Center or Nursery.
For proper planting procedures, please refer to the Step-by-Step Instructions below.
Materials & Supplies Needed:
- Flower Seeds or Plants of your choosing
Tools & Supplies Needed:
- Work Gloves
- Flower Shovel
- Foam Knee Pad
Step 1 – Assess the Project
After cleaning and cultivating your Flower Beds, decide on the types and colors of Flowers that will be planted, and the amount of each one that will be needed.
- If you have not already done so, you should measure the square footage of all areas where you will be planting Flowers. Record your findings on scratch paper, listing the location of each Bed next to it’s square footage. Next, you need to decide on whether you are planting from Seed or will be installing Plants.
- Then, decide on the types and colors of the Flowers for each area. Next, decide on the amount of each type and color needed in your given areas. Keep in mind the growing height of each type, as you will want to put the shorter types in front of any larger types planted.
- Most annual Flowers will be planted about 6” apart for full Bed coverage. If you prefer a sparcer look and do not mind doing a lot of weeding, you can plant them further apart.
- Once all of the planting areas have been addressed, go through your sheet and add up any like types and colors so that you will have the total of each type and color needed.
Step 2 – Create a Materials & Tools Needed Sheet
Consult your scratch paper, as well as the lists at the beginning of this post, and add to your sheet, all Materials & Tools Needed.
Step 3 – Calculate Project Cost
Step 4 – Order Your Materials & Tools Needed
Step 5 – Inspect Your Delivery
After reviewing the information here, additional information to complete these first (5) Steps is found in the page: 5 Steps for Project Management. Simply click on that link and you will be directed there.
After completing those first (5) Steps, return to these Instructions and continue on to Step 6.
Step 6 – Digging Your Flower Holes
Your Flower Beds should already be fully prepared, including the initial application of Flower Fertilizer before you begin to plant. After preparing your Flower Beds for planting, it is time to plant. Dig all of your holes.
- If you are planting Seeds, refer to each Package for Instructions on depth and spacing. If none is found, a good rule of thumb is about ½” deep, and spaced about 3” – 6” apart. Some Seeds may not germinate, so you may need to transplant some Plants or thin out unwanted Plants.
- If you are planting Flower Plants, it is best to dig all of your holes first, as it will speed up the planting process. If you have a lot of planting to do and your Beds are large, you can dig your holes one Bed at a time if you prefer, and then plant that Bed before going on to the next.
- Using a Flower Shovel or Flower Trowel, dig the holes to the depth of the Flowers Roots that will be planted (usually about 3”), and about twice as wide in diameter.
Step 7 – Planting Your Flowers
Plant 3 – 6 Flowers at a time, then water them. Do not just remove all of the Flowers from a Flat and rest them in the holes. Exposed roots dry quickly, and this will stunt the Flower’s growth.
- Place each Flower in the center of each hole, and replace the removed Soil completely around the Flower Roots about half way up. Then, press the Soil firmly with your fingers.
- Repeat the process for the remaining half of the hole, and then spread any remaining Soil between the Plants. Once you have planted 3 – 6 Plants, water those thoroughly before continuing to plant. Finish planting one Flower Bed at a time or one type and color of Flower at a time in multiple Beds.
Step 8 – Water Thoroughly and Maintain
Once a Flower Bed is completely planted, thoroughly water them until the water is standing on top. Then go on to the next Flower Bed and repeat the planting and watering process.
- Newly planted Flowers should be thoroughly watered about every 2 – 3 days for the first couple of weeks after initially planting. Then at least 1 or 2 times a week should be sufficient after that; more often in very hot conditions. Never water during the hot part of the day. Early Evening or early Morning is best.
- Certain Annuals like Petunias will do better if you continuously pinch off the dead Flowers. By doing this, the Plants will become fuller and less stringy.
- Always keep up with the weeding in and around your Flowers. Weeds close to Flowers will suck the nutrients from them and cause them to be underdeveloped. It is also best to cultivate the Soil around your Flowers on a monthly basis. This will assist in water and Fertilizer getting down to the Plants roots. It will also help to keep necessary weeding at a minimum.
- For the healthiest, fullest, Flowers, Fertilize each one on a monthly basis. If you are using a powder Fertilizer, water the Fertilizer thoroughly into the Soil around the Plants right after feeding. If you are using a liquid Fertilizer, gently sprinkle the Flowers after feeding.
Take the time to look at your Flowers often and enjoy the fruits of your labor!
Please take the time to leave a Comment or ask a Question in the Comments section below. Let me know how your Project went.